Understanding climate
for the benefit of society

ikon global climate


Current climate change in a broader context.


Research focus


The climate system is changing at unprecedented rates. Understanding the human influence compared to natural variability and natural forcings is critical for predicting the current and future course of global climate.


We investigate the dynamics that give rise to large-scale patterns of surface temperature, rainfall, winds, ocean currents and sea surface elevation, as well as to changes in these patterns over time. Such dynamics act on a wide range of time scales, from days or seasons to centuries and beyond.


Examples of dynamics on the time scale of days are midlatitude weather systems. For seasons it will be monsoons, when they occur and their intensity. When we look at the time scale of centuries and beyond, the large patterns are important, such as variation in the ocean thermohaline circulation, interactions with changing continents, topography, greenhouse gases and solar radiation.


We are interested in how such key processes give rise to past, present and future climate conditions.


Keywords: teleconnections, interactions and feedbacks, predictability, storms and storm tracks, ocean circulation and ventilation, climate and human evolution, tropical variability, Atlantic-European climate, past warm climates


Strategic projects


Enhancing Mechanistic Understanding of mid-latitude LArge-scale circulaTion Errors (EMULATE) –  Leaders: Stefan Sobolowski and Erica Madonna










figure earth

Global Climate research group

Research leader 
Nele Meckler

Stefan Sobolowski



Helge Avlesen
Marie-Lou Bachelery
Rondrotiana Barimalala
Sebastien Barthélémy
Mats Bentsen
Ingo Bethke
Hilary Birks
John Birks
Lina Boljka
Flavia Boscolo-Galazzo
Anna Hauge Braaten
Hai Bui
David Rivas Camargo
Ashneel Chandra
Pin-Gin Chiu
Simon Lefèvere
Teferi Demissie
Helge Drange
Etienne Dunn-Sigouin
Mattia Ferraro
Suzette Flantua
Tore Furevik
Eirik Galaasen
Chuncheng Guo
Alok Kumar Gupta
Ragnhild Gya
Ozan Mert Göktürk
Yanchun He
Shengping He
Kristian Agasøster Haaga
Aina Johannessen
Noel Keenlyside
Martin King
Helga Kikki Kleiven
Shunya Koseki
Nilgun Kulan
Vandhna Kumar
Nils Gunnar Kvamstø
Xavier Levine
Camille Li
Fei Li
Oskar Eide Lilienthal
Johannes Lutzmann
Marit Løland
Jenny Maccali
Johanna Marquardt
Elaine McDonagh
Iselin Medhaug
Clio Michel
Ondřej Mottl
Mari S. Myksvoll
Akhilesh Nair
Katrina Nilsson-Kerr
Aleksi Nummelin
Stina Olandersson
Nour-Eddine Omrani
Marek Ostrowski
Odd Helge Otterå
Stephen Outten
Karl Purcell
Juliano Ramanantsoa
Harikrishnan Ramesh
Bjørg Risebrobakken
Torunn Sagen
Francine Schevenhoven
Mao-Lin Shen
Tarkeshwar Singh
Stefan Sobolowski
Harald Sodemann
Thoma Spengler
Norman Steinert
Roberto Suarez
Lingling Suo
Lea Svendsen
Silje Lund Sørland
Dandan Tao
Amandine Tisserand
Thomas Toniazzo
Yiguo Wang
Yunyi Wang
Ole Wulff
Yue Ying
Zhongshi Zhang