Understanding climate
for the benefit of society

Publications 2015

Bjerknes scientists are indicated in bold.


Amundsen, H.B., Laberg, J.S., Vorren, T.O., Haflidason, H., Forwick, M. and Bull-Mortensen, P. (2015) Late Weichselian - Holocene evolution of the high-latitude Andøya submarine Canyon, North-Norwegian continental margin. Marine Geology 363, 1-14. doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2015.02.002

Antuña-Marrero, J.C, Otterå, O.H. , Robock, A., Mesquita, M.d.S. (2015): Modelled and observed sea surface temperature trends for the Caribbean and Antilles, International Journal of Climatology, DOI: 10.1002/joc.4466

Asteman, I.P., Hanslik, D., Nordberg, K., (2015). An almost completed pollution – recovery cycle reflected by sediment geochemistry and benthic foraminiferal assemblages in a Swedish-Norwegian Skagerrak fjord. Marine Pollution Bulletin 95, 126-140. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.04.031

Asteman, I.P., Schönfeld, J., (2015): Recent invasion of the foraminifer Nonionella stella Cushman and Moyer 1930 in northern European waters: evidence from the Skagerrak and its fjords. Journal of Micropaleontology. doi: 10.1144/jmpaleo2015-007

Bakhoday, M.P ,  Bryhni, H.T., Reuder, J. , Fer, I. (2015): Lagrangian Measurement of Waves and Near Surface Turbulence from Acoustic Instruments, Energy Procedia,Volume 80,141–150,  doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2015.11.416

Balascio N.L., Francus, P., Bradley, R.S., Schupack, B.B., Miller GH, Kvisvik, BC, Bakke, J. and Thordarson T (2015) Investigating the use of scanning x-ray fluorescence to locate cryptotephra in minerogenic lacustrine sediment: Experimental results. Springer, I. Croudace, G. Rothwell (eds.), “Micro-XRF Studies of Sediment Cores, Developments in Paleoenvironmental Research”, DOI 10.1007/978-94-017-9849-5_11

Battarbee, R.W., Lamb, H.F., Bennett, K.D., Edwards, M.E., Bjune, A.E., Kaland, P.E., Berglund, B.E., Lotter, A.F., Seppä, H., Willis, K.G., Herzschuh, U. & Birks, H.H. (2015) John Birks: Pioneer in quantitative palaeoecology. The Holocene 25, 3-16. doi: 10.1177/0959683614556390

Bellucci, A.,Haarsma, R., Bellouin, N., Booth, B., Cagnazzo, C., Hurk, B. v. d., Keenlyside, N., Koenigk, T., Massonnet, F., S. Materia, S. Weiss, M. (2015): Advancements in decadal climate predictability: the role of non-oceanic drivers. Rev. of Geophysics, 53, 165–202 DOI: 10.1002/2014RG000473

Birks, H.H. (2015). South to North: contrasting late-glacial and early Holocene climate changes and vegetation responses between south and north Norway. The Holocene 25, 37-52. DOI: 10.1177/0959683614556375

Birks, H.H., Gelorinia, V., Robinson, E. & Hoek, W.Z. (2015). Impacts of palaeoclimate change 60,000-8000 years ago on humans and their environments in Europe: Integrating palaeoenvironmental and archaeological data. Quaternary International 378: 4-13, doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2014.02.022

Birks, H.J.B. & Birks, H.H. (2015) How have ancient-DNA studies from sediments contributed to the reconstruction of Quaternary floras? New Phytologist, doi: 10.1111/nph.13657

Botnen, H.A. Omar, A. M.,Thorseth, I., Johannessen, T., Alendal, G., (2015): The effect of submarine CO2 vents on seawater: Implications for detection of subsea carbon sequestration leakage, Limnology and Oceanography, Vol 60, Issue 2, doi: 10.1002/lno.10037

Bouillon, S., Rampal, P., (2015):On producing sea ice deformation data sets from SAR-derived sea ice motion, The Cryosphere, 9, 663-673, doi:10.5194/tc-9-663-2015

Bouillon,S.,and Rampal, P. (2015): Presentation of the dynamical core of neXtSIM,a new sea ice model,Ocean Modelling,Volume 91, 23–37,doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2015.04.005

Brendryen, J., Haflidason, H., Rise, L., Chand, S., Vanneste, M., Longva, O., L'heuréux, J.-S. ND Forsberg, C.F., (2015). Ice sheet dynamics on the Lofoten-vesterålen shelf, north Norway, from Late MIS-3 to Heinrich Stadial 1. Quaternary Science Reviews http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.03.015

Carmack E. and 17 co-authors incl.  Fer, I. (2015). The new Arctic: towards quantifying the increasing role of oceanic heat in sea ice loss. Bull. Am. Met. Soc.,  doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00177.1.

Chafik, L., Nilsson, J., Ø. Skagseth, Ø. Lundberg, P. (2015). On the Flow of Atlantic Water and Temperature Anomalies in the Nordic Seas Towards the Arctic Ocean, J. Geophys, DOI: 10.1002/2015JC011012

Chang, C.-W. J., Tseng, W.-L., H.-H. Hsu, H.-H., Keenlyside, N., Tsuang, B.-J., (2015): The Madden-Julian Oscillation in a warmer world. Geophysical Research Letters, 42, 6034-6042. DOI: 10.1002/2015GL065095

Chen, F, Xu,Q, Chen, J., Birks, H.J.B., Liu, J., Zhang, S.,Jin, L.,  An, C., Telford, R.J., Cao, X., Wang, Z., Zhang, X., Selvaraj, K., Lu, H., Li,Y, Zheng, Z.,Wang, H., Zhou, A., Dong, G., Zhang, J., Huang, X., Bloemendal, J., Rao, Z.(2015):East Asian summer monsoon precipitation variability since the last deglaciation,Scientific Reports 5,  11186 ,doi:10.1038/srep11186

Chen, L., X. Fettweis, X. Knudsen, E.M., Johannessen, O. (2015): Impact of cyclonic and anticyclonic activity on the Greenland Ice Sheet surface mass balance variation during 1980-2013, Int. J. Climatol., DOI: 10.1002/joc.4565

Ciasto, L. M.,Simpkins, G.R.,England, M.H. (2015). Teleconnections between Tropical Pacific SST Anomalies and Estratropical Southern Hemisphere Climate. J. Climate, 28, 56-65. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-p.14-00438.1

Daewel, U., Schrum, C., Gupta, A. About the predictive potential of early life stage IBMs: an example for Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) in the North Sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series, Vol 534: 199-219 

Darelius, E., Fer, I., Rasmussen, T., Guo, C.,Larsen, K.M.H. (2015). On the modulation of the periodicity of the Faroe Bank Channel overflow instabilities. Ocean Sci., 11: 855-871, doi: 10.5194/os-11-855-2015.

De Schepper, S., Schreck, M., Beck, K.M, Matthiessen, J., Fahl, K. &  Mangerud, G. (2015).Early Pliocene onset of modern Nordic Seas circulation related to ocean gateway changes, Nature Communications 6, 8659, doi:10.1038/ncomms9659

Ding, H., Keenlyside, N. Latif, M, Park, W., Wahl, S. (2015): The impact of mean state errors on equatorial Atlantic interannual variability in a climate model. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans,120, 1133-1151. DOI: 10.1002/2014JC010384

Downes. S.M., Farneti, R, Uotila. P., Griffies, S.M, Marsland, S.J, Bailey, D.,   Behrens, E. , Bentsen, M.,  Bi,D.,   Biastoch, A., Böning, C.,  Bozec, A.,  Canuto, V.M.,  Chassignet, E.,  Danabasoglu, G.,  Danilov, S., Diansky, N.,  Drange, H.,   Fogli, P.G., Gusev,, A., Howard, A.,  Ilicak, M., Jung, T.,   Kelley, M.,  Large, W.G., Leboissetier, A., Long, M., Lu, J., Masina, S., Mishra, A., (2015) An assessment of Southern Ocean water masses and sea ice during 1988–2007 in a suite of interannual CORE-II simulations, Ocean Modelling, Volume 94, 67-949, doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2015.07.022

Egger, J, Hoinka, K-P, Spengler,T.( 2015). Aspects of potential vorticity fluxes: Climatology and impermeability. Journal of Atmospheric Sciences. 72: 3257-3267. doi: 10.1175/JAS-D-14-0196.1

Engler, S.,  Werner, J.P. (2015) Processes Prior and during the Early 18th Century Irish Famines—Weather Extremes and Migration, Climate 2015, 3(4), 1035-1056; doi:10.3390/cli3041035

Esau, I, Chernokulsky, A. (2015) :Convective cloud fields in the Atlantic sector of the Arctic: Satellite and ground-based observations, Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics, Volume 51, Issue 9, pp 1007-1020, doi:, 10.1134/S000143381509008X

Esau, I., and R. Davy, (2015): The climate role of shallow stably stratified atmospheric boundary layers, Report Series in Aerosol Science, 163, 151-154, ISSN 0784-3496, ISBN 978-952-7091-16-6

Farneti, R., Downes,S.M.,Griffies,S.M., Marsland,S.J, Behrens, E., Bentsen, M.,Bi,D,Biastoch,A.,Böning,C.,Bozec,A,, Canuto, V.M, Chassignet. E.,Danabasoglu, G.,Danilov, Nikolay Diansky, N.,,Drange, H., Giuseppe. P.  Anatoly, F. Gusev, A. ,Hallberg, R.W.,Howard, A.,Ilicak. M., Jung, T.,Kelley, M., William, M.K. G. Large, W,G., Leboissetier, A,, Long, M., Lu, J.,Masina,S., Mishra, A,,Navarra,A,(2015): An assessment of Antarctic Circumpolar Current and Southern Ocean meridional overturning circulation during 1958–2007 in a suite of interannual CORE-II simulations,Ocean Modelling,93,84–120, doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2015.07.009

Felde, V.A., Peglar, S.M., Bjune, A.E., Grytnes, J.-A. & Birks, H.J.B. (2015). Modern pollen-plant richness and diversity relationships exist along a vegetational gradient in southern Norway. The Holocene, DOI:10.1177/0959683615596843

Fer, I., M. Müller, and A. K. Peterson (2015). Tidal forcing, energetics, and mixing near the Yermak Plateau. Ocean Sci., 11(2): 287-304,  doi: 10.5194/os-11-287-2015.

Freeman, E., Skinner, L.C., Tisserand, A., Dokken, T., Timmermann, A., Menviel, L. and Friedrich, T. (2015). An Atlantic-Pacific ventilation seesaw across the last deglaciation, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 424, 237-244. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2015.05.032

Frigstad, H., Henson, S. A., Hartman, S. E., Omar, A. M., Jeansson, E.,Cole, H., Pebody, C., and Lampitt, R. S.(2015): Links between surface productivity and deep ocean particle flux at the Porcupine Abyssal Plain sustained observatory, Biogeosciences, 12, 5885-5897, doi:10.5194/bg-12-5885-2015, 2015

Garcia, H.E., - , Pfeil, B., et al. (2015), Data management strategy to improve global use of ocean acidification data and information. Oceanography28(2):226–228, http://dx.doi.org/

Gehlen, M., - , Bertino, L., Simon, E., Samuelsen, A., et al. (2015), Building the capacity for forecasting marine biogeochemistry and ecosystems: recent advances and future developments, J. Operational Oceanogr., dii:10.1080/1755876X.2015.1022350.

Gjerde, M. , Bakke, J. , Kristian Vasskog, K. ,  Nesje, A ,  Hormes,A (2015). Holocene glacier variability and Neoglacial hydroclimate at Ålfotbreen, western Norway, Quaternary Science Reviews,Volume 133,  28–47 , doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.12.004

Gómez-Navarro, J. J., Bothe, O ,Wagner, S., Zorita, E., Werner, J.P., Luterbacher, J., Raible, C.C. and Montávez, JP (2015). A regional climate a palaeosimulation for Europe in the period 1501-1990 Part II: Comparison with gridded reconstructions. Clim. Past 11, pp. 1077-1095, doi:10.5194/cpd-11-307-2015

Goris, N.,Tjiputra, J.,Schwinger, J.,Heinze, C.(2015). Responses of carbon uptake and oceanic pCO2 to climate change in the North Atlantic: A model study with the Bergen Earth System Model, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 29,doi:10.1002/2015GB005109

Guthrie, J., I. Fer, and J. Morison (2015). Observational validation of the diffusive convection flux laws in the Amundsen Basin, Arctic Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., doi: 0.1002/2015JC010884.

Hasenfratz, A.P,  Martínez-García, A. , Jaccard, S.L.,  Hodell, D.A,  Vance, D., Bernasconi, S.,  Greaves, M.,  Kleiven, H.F, and Haug, G.H (2015) Paleoceanographic Evolution of the Atlantic Sector of the Antarctic Southern Ocean across the Mid-Pleistocene Transition, Nova Acta Leopoldina NF 121, Nr. 408, 297–300

Heinze, C., Meyer, S., Goris, N.,  Anderson, L.,  Steinfeldt, R., Chang, N., Le Quéré, C.,Bakker, D.C.E. (2015): The ocean carbon sink – impacts, vulnerabilities, and challenges. Earth Syst. Dynam., 6, 327-358, doi:10.5194/esd-6-327-2015

Helmens, K.F.,Sakari Salonen, J., Plikk, A, Engels, S., Väliranta, M.,Kylander, M, Brendryen, J., Renssen, H. (2015): Major Cooling Intersecting Peak Eemian Interglacial Warmth in Northern Europe. Quaternary Science Reviews, June 2015 DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.05.018

Hennissen, J.A.I., Head, M.J., De Schepper, S. & Groeneveld, J. (2015). Increased seasonality during the intensification of Northern Hemisphere glaciation at the Pliocene–Pleistocene boundary ∼2.6 Ma. Quaternary Science Reviews 129, 321-332, doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.10.010

Holt, Jason; Schrum, Corinna; Cannaby, Heather; Daewel, Ute; Allen, Icarus; Artioli, Yuri; Bopp, Laurent; Butenschon, Momme; Fach, Bettina A.; Harle, James; Pushpadas, Dhanya; Salihoglu, Baris; Wakelin, Sarah. 2016 Potential impacts of climate change on the primary production of regional seas: A comparative analysis of five European seas. Progress in Oceanography, 140: 91-115. 10.1016/j.pocean.2015.11.004

Hughes, A.L.C., Gyllencreutz, R., Lohne, Ø.S., Mangerud, J., Svendsen, J.I. (2015): The last Eurasian Ice Sheets - a chronological database and time-slice reconstruction, DATED-1. Boreas, doi:10.1111/bor.12142

Ivanov, V., Alexeev, V.A., Koldunov, N.V., Repina, I., Sandø, A.B., Smedsrud, L.H., Smirnov, A. (2015): Arctic Ocean heat impact on regional ice decay - a suggested positive, Feedback, J. Phys. Oceanogr., doi:10.1175/JPO-D-15-0144.1

Jennings, R.P., Singarayer, J.S.; Stone, E.J.; Krebs-Kanzow, U., Khon, V.C., Nisancioglu, K.H; Pfeiffer, M., Zhang, X., Parker, A., Parton, A., Groucutt, H.,White, T.S., Drak, N.A., Petraglia, M.D. (2015): The greening of Arabia: Multiple opportunities for human occupation of the Arabian Peninsula during the Late Pleistocene inferred from an ensemble of climate model simulations. Quaternary International , 382, 181–199, doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2015.01.006

Jiang, L., Yan, Y., Hararuk, O., Mikle, N., Xia, J., Shi, Z., Tjiputra, J., Wu, T., and Luo, Y. (2015), Scale-dependent performance of CMIP5 Earth system models in simulating terrestrial vegetation carbon, J. Climate, 28, 5217-5232. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00270.1

Jones, S. D., Le Quéré. C., Rödenbeck. C.,Manning, A.C. & Olsen,A (2015). A statistical gap-filling method to interpolate global monthly surface ocean carbon dioxide data, J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 07, doi:10.1002/2014MS000416

Jung, T., Doblas-Reyes, F. J., Goessling, H., Guemas, V., Bitz, C. M.; Buontempo, C., Caballero, R., Jakobson, E., Jungclaus, J., Karcher, M., Koenigk, T., Matai, D., Overland, James E., Spengler, T., Yang, S. (2015): Polar-lower latitude linkages and their role in weather and climate prediction. Bulletin of The American Meteorological Society - (BAMS). 96: ES197-200. doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-15- 00121.1

Katragkou, E.,García-Díez, M.Vautard, R.4, S. Sobolowski, S., Zanis, P., Alexandri, G.,Cardoso, R.M.,Colette, A.,Fernandez, J.,Gobiet. A.,Goergen. K.,Karacostas,T., Knist, S., Mayer, S., Soares, P.M.M, Pytharoulis, I. Tegoulias, I., Tsikerdekis, A.,Jacob, D. (2015): Regional climate hindcast simulations within EURO-CORDEX:evaluation of a WRF multi-physics ensemble, Geosci. Model Dev., 8, doi:10.5194/gmd-8-603-2015

Keenlyside, N. S., Jin Ba, Jennifer Mecking, Nour-Eddine Omrani, Mojib Latif, Rong Zhang, and Rym Msadek (2015). North Atlantic Multi-Decadal Variability — Mechanisms and Predictability. Climate Change: Multidecadal and beyond. Eds: C-P. Chang, M. Ghil, M. Latif and M. Wallace. World Scientific Series on Asia-Pacific Weather and Climate: Volume 6,

King, M.P., Hell, M., Keenlyside, N. (2015), Investigation of the atmospheric mechanisms related to the autumn sea ice and winter circulation link in the Northern Hemisphere. Climate Dynamics, doi: 10.1007/s00382-015-2639-5

Knudsen, E.M. , Orsolini, Y.J., Furevik, T.,Hodges, K.I (2015):Observed anomalous atmospheric patterns in summers of unusual Arctic sea ice melt Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 7, 2595-2611,doi: 10.1002/2014JD022608

Kolstad, E.W, Sobolowski, S.P, Scaife, A.A. (2015) Intraseasonal Persistence of European Surface Temperatures, J. Climate, 28, 5365–5374. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0053.1

Kolstad, E.W. (2015) Extreme small-scale wind episodes over the Barents Sea: When, where and why? Climate Dynamics,volume 45, 7, 2137-2150, doi: 10.1007/s00382-014-2462-4

Kucharski, F., Ikram,F., Molteni,F., Farneti, R., Kang, I-S., No, H-H., King, M.P., Giuliani, G., Morgensen, K.(2015): Atlantic forcing of Pacific decadal variability. Climate Dynamics Doi: 10.1007/s00382-015-2705-z

Larsen, A., Egge, J. K., Nejstgaard, J. C., Capua, lD., Thyrhaug, R., Bratbak, G., and Thingstad, T. F. (2015), Contrasting response to nutrient manipulation in Arctic mesocosms are reproduced by a minimum microbial food web model, Limnol. Oceanogr., 60, 360-374.

Lauvset, S.K., Gruber, N.,Landschützer, P, Olsen, A., Tjiputra,J. (2015). Trends and drivers in global surface ocean pH over the past 3 decades, Biogeosciences, 12, 1285-1298, doi:10.5194/bg-12-1285-2015

Lauvset, S. K. and Tanhua, T.(2015): A toolbox for secondary quality control on ocean chemistry and hydrographic data, Limnol. Oceanogr. Meth., 13, 601-608, DOI: 10.1002/lom3.10050

Le Quéré, C,  Moriarty,R., Andrew, R.M.,  Peters, G.P.,  Ciais, P., Friedlingstein, P., Jones, S.D.,  Sitch, S.,  Tans. P., Arneth, A., Boden, T.A., Bopp, L., Bozec, Y., Canadell, J.G., Chevallier, F., Cosca, C.E., Harris, I., Hoppema, M., Houghton, R.A., House, J.I,. Jain, A.K.,  Johannessen, T.,  Kato, E.,  Keeling, R.F., Kitidis, V., Klein,Goldewijk, K., Koven, C., Landa, C., Landschützer, P., Lenton, A., Lima, I.D.,Marland, G.H.,. Mathis, J.T, Metzl, N., Nojiri, Y., Olsen, A., Ono, T., Peters, W., Pfeil, B.,  Poulter, B.,  Raupach, M.R., Regnier, P.,  Rödenbeck, C., S. Saito, S.,  Sailsbury, J.E.,  Schuster, U., Schwinger, J., Séférian, R.,  Segschneider, J., Steinhoff, T., Stocker, B.D, Sutton, A.J., Takahashi,T., B. Tilbrook, van der Werf, G., Viovy, N., Wang Y.-P., Wanninkhof, R., Wiltshire, A.,  Zeng, N.(2015) Global carbon budget 2014, Earth System Science Data, 7, 47-85 

Le Quéré, C, R. Moriarty,R., Andrew, R.M,. Canadell, J.G., Sitch, S., Korsbakken, J.I., Friedlingstein, P., Peters, G.P., Andres, R.J., Boden, T.A. , Houghton, R.A., House, J.I, Keeling, R.F., Tans, P., Arneth, A., Bakker, D.C.E, Barbero, L, Bopp, L., Chang, J., Chevallier, F., Chini, L.P, Ciais, P., Fader, M., Feely, R., Gkritzalis, T., I. Harris, I., Hauck, J., Ilyina, T., Jain, A.K, Kato, E. , Kitidis, V., Klein Goldewijk, K., Koven, C., Landschützer, P., Lauvset, S.K., N. Lefèvre, N., Lenton, A., Lima,I.D. Metzl, N., Millero, F., Munro, D.R., A. Murata, A.,  Nabel, J.E.M.S, Nakaoka, S., Nojiri, Y., O'Brien, K., Olsen, A., Ono, T., Pérez, F.F., Pfeil, B.,  Pierrot, D., Poulter, B., Rehder, G., Rödenbeck, C., Saito, S., Schuster, U., Schwinger, J., Séférian, R., Steinhoff, T., Stocker, B.D., Sutton, A.J., Takahashi, T., Tilbrook, B., van der Laank-Luijkx, I.T., van der Werf, G.R., van Heuven, S., D. Vandemark,D, Viovy, N., Wiltshire, A., Zaehle, S., & N. Zeng, N. (2015) Global carbon budget 2015, Earth System Science Data, 7, 349-396,DOI: 10.5194/essd-7-349-2015    

Lohmann, K., Mignot,J., Langehaug, H..R., Jungclaus,J.H, Matei,D., Otterå, O.H.Gao, Y., Mjell,T. L., Ninnemann, U.S., Kleiven, H. F., (2015): Using simulations of the last millennium to understand climate variability seen in palaeo-observations: similar variation of Iceland–Scotland overflow strength and Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation. Clim.Past, 11, doi:10.5194/cp-11-203-2015

Mangerud, J., Aarseth, I., Hughes, A.L.C., Lohne, Ø.S., Skår, K.,Sønstegaard, E., Svendsen, J.I., (2015) A major re-growth of the Scandinavian Ice Sheet in western Norway during Allerød-Younger Dryas, Quaternary Science Reviews, doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.11.013

Marzocchi, A., Lunt, D. J., Flecker, R., Bradshaw, C. D., Farnsworth,A., and Hilgen, F. J.(2015): Orbital control on late Miocene climate and theNorth African monsoon: insight from an ensemble of sub-precessional simulations, Clim. Past, 11, 1271-1295, doi:10.5194/cp-11-1271-2015

Mayer,S.,Fox Maule, C., Sobolowski, S., Christensen, O.B., Sørup, H.J.D. Sunyer, M.A. Arnbjerg-Nielsen, K., Barstad, I.(2015): Identifying added value in high-resolution climate simulations over Scandinavia, Tellus, 67,  http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/tellusa.v67.24941

Mayor, Y.G., Mesquita, M.d.S. (2015): Numerical simulations of the 1 May 2012 deep convection event over Cuba: Sensitivity to cumulus and microphysical schemes in a high-resolution model. Advances in Meteorology, 2015 (973151), doi:10.1155/2015/973151.

Mecking, J.V., Keenlyside, N.S., Greatbatch, R.J.(2015):Multiple timescales of stochastically forced North Atlantic Ocean variability: A model study, Ocean Dynamics, 65, Issue 9, pp 1367-1381, doi:10.​1007/​s10236-015-0868-0

Medhaug, I, Drange, H (2015): Global and regional surface cooling in a warming climate: a multi‑model analysis, Climate Dynamics, DOI 10.1007/s00382-015-2811-y

Mesquita, Michel D. , Erikstad, K.E., Sandvik, H., Barrett, Robert T., Reiertsen, T. K. , Anker-Nilssen, T., Hodges, Kevin I. and Bader, J. (2015). There is more to climate than the North Atlantic Oscillation: a new perspective from climate dynamics to explain the variability in population growth rates of a long-lived seabird, Front. Ecol. Evol.  doi: 10.3389/fevo.2015.00043

Mjell, T.L., Ninnemann, U.S., Eldevik,T. , and Kleiven, H.K.F. (2015) Holocene multidecadal- to millennial-scale variations in Iceland-Scotland overflow and their relationship to climate, Paleoceanography, 30, DOI:10.1002/2014PA002737

Moore, G.W.K., Våge, K., Pickart, R.S. Renfrew, I.A.(2015), Open-ocean convection becoming less intense in the Greenland and Iceland Seas, Nat. Clim. Change, doi:10.1038/nclimate2688,

Nevison, C. D.,Manizza, M., Keeling, R.F., M. Kahru, M., Bopp, L., Dunne, J., Tjiputra, J., Ilyina, T., and Mitchel, B.G. (2015), Evaluating the ocean biogeochemical components of Earth system models using atmospheric potential oxygen and ocean color data, Biogeosciences, 12, 193-208. doi:10.5194/bg-12-193-2015

Nnamchi, H. C., Li, J.,Kucharski, F, Kang, I-S, Keenlyside, N.S.,Chang, P., Farneti, R., (2015): Thermodynamic controls of the Atlantic Nino. Nat Commun, 6, Article number: 8895 doi:10.1038/ncomms9895

Nummelin, A., Ilicak, M., C. Li, C. Smedsrud, L.H.(2015): Consequences of future increased arctic runoff on Arctic Ocean stratification, circulation, and sea ice cover. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, DOI: 10.1002/2015JC011156

Nummelin, A., Li, C., Smedsrud, L.H., (2015): Response of Arctic Ocean stratification to changing river runoff in a column model, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120,4, 2655-2635, DOI: 10.1002/2014JC010571

Ogawa,F.,Omrani, N-E.,Nishii, K., Nakamura, H., Keenlyside, N. (2015), Ozone-induced climate change propped up by the Southern Hemisphere oceanic  front, Geophys.Res.Lett., 42, 10,056–10,063, doi:10.1002/2015GL066538

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