Understanding climate
for the benefit of society

#Carbon System

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During the Last Glacial Maxium the atmosphere contained less than half as much CO2 as today. New study finds that both the biological carbon cycling and the ocean circulation were different. 

Injecting particles into the atmosphere would reduce the temperature increase. But for the world’s ecosystems there is no alternative to mitigation efforts.

Planting trees to mitigate climate change is useful in the tropics. At higher latitudes trees can have a warming effect.

In Hanna Lee's childhood South Korea, afforestation was a happy success story. As a climate researcher, she has realized that planting trees is not always good.