The deep-ocean floor is the least explored ecosystem on the planet. DNA collected during 15 international deep-sea expeditions reveal the regions and organisms most important for removing carbon from the surface. Tristan Cordier writes about his new study.
Oxygen depletion is affecting the ecology in the open ocean as well as near the coast. Anne Gro Vea Salvenes and Elin Darelius write about a recent study aiming to learn more about deoxygenation and its impact.
"The human footprint is everywhere, even on remote islands", John Birks writes about a new study of past ecology. All around the world, human arrival on islands rapidly affected the local biodiversity.
The ocean plays a crucial role in climate regulation, absorbing about 25 percent of the CO2 humans emit to the atmosphere. A new UNESCO report highlights key issues and important questions within ocean carbon research.
Highly probable ocean tipping points need to be taken equally seriously as potential singular catastrophic climatic tipping points, write scientists and stakeholders in a new PNAS research perspective.