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The Bjerknes Centre is a collaboration on climate research, between the University of Bergen, Uni Research, the Institute of Marine Research, Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Centre.

The circulation in the Atlantic Ocean. In the Atlantic, water flows northward at the surface (red arrow), cools and sinks in the Nordic Seas, before flowing back south in the deep ocean (purple arrow). The surface current flowing north is the Gulf Stream and its extension into the Norwegian Sea. Illustration: Ellen Viste

The Gulfstream may strengthen with more precipitation in the far north

Using a new theory, Erwin Lambert shows that more freshwater in the Arctic may strengthen the Gulfstream’s extension into the polar regions – the opposite of what has generally been anticipated with future climate change.

 

screenshot of erwins portrait article

A new study from researchers at the Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research gives less reason to fear a weakening of the Gulfstream due to climate change. One of the suggested ‘tipping points’ in the climate system is a substantial slow-down or even collapse of the Gulfstream due to increased freshwater input in the northern seas. In a warmer climate, the hydrological cycle of precipitation and evaporation will strengthen, including more rainfall, river run-off and ice melt in the north. One can in its most extreme imagine this to literally shut down the large-scale ocean circulation between the Arctic and the lower latitudes.

In the article ‘How northern freshwater input can stabilise thermohaline circulation’, Erwin Lambert, PhD-student at the Bjerknes Centre and the University of Bergen, describes how the ocean circulation is affected by increased freshwater input. Lambert and colleagues show how more freshwater in the Arctic Ocean in some cases may strengthen the extension of the Gulfstream into the Arctic – just like a river in a typical Norwegian fjord is a driver for the fjord’s exchange with the surrounding ocean.

Reference:
Lambert, E., T. Eldevik, and P.M. Haugan, 2016: How northern freshwater input can stabilize thermohaline circulationTellus A68, 31051, DOI 10.3402/tellusa.v68.31051

The experiment is formed in the research project North. Read the full story here: The entire ocean in three boxes